Jianchuan ancient city is located in the west of Yunnan Province, north of Dali, adjacent to Heqing County in the East, Lijiang City in Lijiang area in the north, and Yunlong County and Lanping County of Nujiang Prefecture in the West. Now the ancient city of Jianchuan refers to Jinhua town of Jianchuan County. At the foot of Jinhua mountain in Laojun Mountain system, it is known as the famous town of Sanjiang.
Jianchuan used to be the main post station on the ancient tea horse road. It was located in the traffic hub of Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet. It was the hub of cultural and economic exchanges among Han, Tibetan, Bai, Naxi and other ethnic groups. It was once a strategic hub among the Central Plains, Nanzhao and Tubo. Jianchuan ancient city has the best preserved ancient buildings of Ming and Qing Dynasties, which is an important town on the ancient tea horse road in Yunnan and Tibet.
The ancient city of Jianchuan has a long history. Five baht coins of the Western Han Dynasty were unearthed. The ancient city was built in the 23rd year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (AD 1390), with a history of more than 600 years. Up to now, there are still 21 Ming Dynasty courtyards and more than 130 Qing Dynasty buildings. The moats of west gate, north gate and south gate still exist, with unique architectural features, "three lanes and one screen wall" and "four in five patios". The houses in the ancient city are small and exquisite, the layout is rigorous, the courtyard is all green brick, the pebble mixture is paved, the wide planting of flowers and trees, fresh and chic, is a typical Bai folk house.
A village in the east of Jianchuan
Donglianhua village in Weishan County, Dali is located on the Bank of Mitang River, a tributary of the red river. It is surrounded by water on three sides and has a beautiful environment. It is a typical Hui village. There are rich folk customs and colorful national culture. The ancient buildings of donglianhua village are concentrated in Qing Dynasty and Republic of China. At present, there are more than 30 ancient buildings with unique architectural style and profound historical and cultural connotation. They are well preserved, which fully reflect the local traditional cultural style and local ethnic characteristics.
Donglianhua Village: Shaxi ancient town far away from noise
Shaxi, an ancient town with a long history, is located in the southwest of Jianchuan County, Dali, Yunnan Province. It is located in the southeast of Jinsha River, Lancang River and Nujiang River Nature Reserve. It is a famous scenic spot in Dali. The history of Shaxi ancient town can be traced back to the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period more than 2400 years ago. The ancient tombs of Aofeng mountain and the huacongshan copper mine site in the east of Shaxi were studied. As early as 400 BC, Shaxi formed a bronze smelting production base centered on the Heihui river. At that time, Shaxi ancestors had a high level of bronze smelting technology and became one of the birthplaces of Yunnan bronze culture.
It is far away from the hustle and bustle of the city. There is no noisy crowd, and there is no resplendent ancient city like Dali and Lijiang. It is just a small square street, but it is so simple, original and far away.
Source: Phoenix Tourism
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