One day in 1976, Gao Zhixi, the former director of the Hunan Provincial Museum, brought an old farmer to the Chinese History Museum (later the National Museum). Their arrival was warmly welcomed by museum experts. The old farmer who came with Gao Zhixi was named Jiang Jingshu. He held the last fragment of the national treasure "Si Yang Fang Zun". The purpose of this trip was to return the cloud and thunder patterns on this "four sheep square Zun" to Zhao. So far, the "four sheep Fang Zun", which has been incomplete for decades, has finally been completed and has reappeared its former glory.
"Si Yang Fang Zun" is one of the national treasures, and it is also the most difficult one. It was once broken into dozens of pieces due to the bombing of Japanese aggressors. After being repaired, Zun's mouth is still incomplete with a cloud and thunder stripe. This last cloud and thunder pattern was not completed until several decades later. As the pinnacle of ancient Chinese bronze smelting, "Si Yang Fang Zun" has been included in the history textbooks of primary and secondary schools for its outstanding artistic value, and has become a model of ancient bronze casting technology. What many people don't know is that the discovery and restoration of this familiar bronze ware is full of twists and turns.
One morning in April 1938, on zhuanerlun mountain, Huangcai Town, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province, three local farmers, Jiang Jingshu, Jiang Jingqiao and Jiang Xiqiao, were planting sweet potatoes in the middle of the mountain. With a clear metal sound, Jiang Jingshu dug out a huge bronze ware from the soil. The shape of this bronze ware is very unique. It has four sheep heads. Although the three members of the Jiang family are farmers, they also know that it must be of great value. Therefore, they carried the bronze ware back home. In the process of transporting it back, Jiang Jingshu accidentally knocked off the pieces of the bronze ware.
It's hard to keep a secret in the countryside. The news that the Jiang family dug up the treasure soon spread in the town. In the 1930s, it was the period when a large number of unearthed cultural relics were lost. Changsha, as the area with more unearthed cultural relics, was the focus of antique dealers. When they heard that the three brothers of the Jiang family had dug up the bronze ware, they rushed over all night to say that they wanted to buy the bronze ware and offered a price of 400 ocean.
In terms of the value of this bronze ware, the price of 400 ocean given by antique dealers is very low. However, the three brothers of the Jiang family are just ordinary farmers and do not know the real value of this bronze ware. In their eyes, the price of 400 yuan is already sky high. If you grow sweet potatoes, I'm afraid you won't make so much money in your whole life. So in the temptation of money, they sold the bronzes to antique dealers. However, after being exploited by local bailiffs and squires, only 248 pieces of ocean were left in their hands.
Jiang Jingshu, who discovered the bronze ware, was only 17 years old at that time. He lived in a large family of more than 10 people, living a life of hunger and contentment. For a young man, he may not understand that his move will lead to the loss of this precious bronze ware overseas. In his eyes, selling bronzes to improve life is the best choice. However, when Jiang Jingshu handed over the bronze ware to the antique dealer, he secretly left the piece that was knocked off from the bronze ware and collected it as a souvenir.
The bronze ware sold by Jiang Jingshu was the world-famous "four sheep square Zun". However, at that time, it was just an ordinary bronze ware, and its real value had not been found. After the antique dealer bought the bronze ware from Jiang Jingshu, he sold it to a company in Jinggang Town, Changsha County. The boss of this shop is a person who knows the goods. He knows the real value of "four sheep square respect". Therefore, he sets a price of 200000 ocean and intends to sell it to foreign antique dealers.
Just when the boss of the company was going to sell "four sheep square Zun", he did not expect to leak the news. Not only did he fall into the legal net, but also he was seized and confiscated. Later, the "four sheep fangzun" was favored by Zhang Zhizhong and became the penholder on his desk. Later, he was sent to the Bank of Hunan Province for safekeeping. In November 1938, the Bank of Hunan Province was bombed by Japanese aggressors on the way to Yuanling, and the "four sheep fangzun" was also lost in the war.
After the founding of new China, cultural relics experts have not given up looking for the whereabouts of "four sheep Fang Zun". After several years of searching, it was finally learned that "four sheep fangzun" was blown into more than 20 pieces by Japanese invaders on the way to Yuanling, and then was discarded as waste in a large wooden box in the warehouse of Hunan Provincial bank. In 1954, Zhang Xin, a famous cultural relic restoration expert, received an invitation to restore the "four sheep fangzun". It took him more than two months to complete the restoration.
After the restoration, there is no trace of the damaged "four sheep square Zun". However, there is a gap of cloud and thunder pattern in Zunkou. No matter how powerful the cultural relic restoration experts can repair it. Later, Gao Zhixi, the former director of Hunan Provincial Museum, made every effort to find Jiang Jingshu, the discoverer of "Si Yang Fang Zun". He found the last fragment of cloud and thunder pattern from him, and the two people sent the fragment to the Chinese history museum together. So far, the restoration of "four sheep square Zun" has been completed and the former style has been reappeared.
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